[1]侯利霞. 从法解释学视角分析惩罚性赔偿制度的适用问题——以《中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法》为例[J].镇江高专学报,2016,(04):66-69.
 HOU Li Xia. On the application of punitive damages system from the perspective of legal interpretation theory— Taking the Law of Protection of Consumers Rightsand Interests in China as an example[J].,2016,(04):66-69.
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 从法解释学视角分析惩罚性赔偿制度的适用问题——以《中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法》为例(/HTML)
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《镇江高专学报》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2016年04期
页码:
66-69
栏目:
政治与法律论坛
出版日期:
2016-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
 On the application of punitive damages system from the perspective of legal interpretation theory— Taking the Law of Protection of Consumers Rightsand Interests in China as an example
文章编号:
1008-8148(2016)04-0066-04
作者:
 侯利霞
 扬州大学 法学院,江苏 扬州225009
Author(s):
 HOU LiXia
 School of Law, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
关键词:
 惩罚性赔偿消费者知假买假欺诈赔偿范围
Keywords:
 Key words: punitive damages consumer fraud compensation scope
分类号:
D922.294
文献标志码:
C
摘要:
 惩罚性赔偿制度源于英国,我国也在相关立法中有所体现,但2014年实施的《中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法》中该制度在适用时存在诸多争议。从法解释学视角分析,消费者的定义应作扩大解释,知假买假的消费者只要其目的并非再次交易,应视为消费者,职业打假人可作为《中华人民共和国食品安全法》私人实施的重要参与者;欺诈的认定应遵从立法者目的解释,不应限于故意;大宗商品受损获偿可借鉴美国判决受害人获巨额惩罚性赔偿的做法,小额商品受损获偿不能涵盖损失,可根据社会经验法则、公平原则处理。
Abstract:
 bstract: Punitive damages system originated in Britain. The system of punitive damages is also reflected in the relevant legislation in our country. However, there exists much controversy in the application of the system of the Law of Protection of Consumers Rights and Interests implemented in 2014. From the perspective of legal interpretation theory, consumers should be defined extensively. Those who know the fakes and still buy them for personal use instead of dealing should be considered to be the consumers. Those engaged in occupational fakefighting should be regarded as important participants in the private implementation of the food safety law. Fraud should be identified in accordance with the interpretation of legislators purpose, not limited to personal intention. As for the compensation for the damaged bulk commodity, the judicial practice that the victims are adjudged to gain substantial damages in America can be borrowed. As for the damaged small commodity, the adjudged damages should not cover the losses, but can be dealt with according to social experiences and fair principles. They should be solved according to the rule of social experience, the principle of fairness.

参考文献/References:

 

[1] 卡尔·拉伦茨.法学方法论[M].陈爱娥,译.北京:商务印书馆,2003:79.

[2] 程子薇.《广告法》第38条中的消费者:以法解释学理论为分析工具[J].安徽大学学报,2014(5):17-24.

[3] 刘忠东.单位消费也适用《消费者权益保护法》[J].法律适用,2005(3):8-12.

[4] 李友根.消费者权利保护与法律解释:对一起纠纷的法律剖析[J].南京大学法律评论,1996(3):166-175.

[5] 谢晓尧.欺诈:一种竞争法的理论诠释: 兼论《消费者权益保护法》第49 条的适用与完善[J].现代法学,2003(2):2-10.

[6] 宋征,胡明.从王海打假案看知假买假者是否消费者:法解释学意义上的分析[J].当代法学,2003(1):82-86,91.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 

收稿日期: 2016-03-24

基金项目: 江苏省2015年度普通高校研究生科研创新计划项目(KYLX151348);2015年度扬州大学大学生学术科技创新基金项目(X2015137)

作者简介: 侯利霞(1991—),女,湖南郴州人,硕士生,主要从事经济法研究。

更新日期/Last Update: 2016-12-02